Diabetol Metab Syndr. 2021 Apr 29 ;13(1):50. Epub 2021 Apr 29. PMID: 33926520
Hesperidin alleviates insulin resistance by improving HG-induced oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction by restoring miR-149.
BACKGROUND: Hesperidin, a natural flavanone, has been proven to have multiple protective effects in diabetic rats, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of hesperidin are not well elucidated.METHODS: LO2 cells were stimulated with high glucose (HG, 33 mM) for 24 h to establish a model of oxidative stress. Then, cell viability was determined using the MTT assay. The antioxidant activities, including the reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) levels, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and adenosine-triphosphate (ATP) production, were measured with the corresponding kits. The levels of gene expression, protein expression and methylation were detected using qRT-PCR, western blotting and methylation-specific PCR (MSP) assays, respectively.RESULTS: Compared to the NG treatment, hesperidin treatment increased the viability and improved the oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction and insulin resistance of HG-treated LO2 cells, and these effects were correlated with heightened SOD and GPx activities, increased MMP level and ATP generation, reduced MDA, ROS and glucose levels, and activated GSK3β/AKT and inactivated IRS1 signals. Mechanistically, hesperidin treatment enhanced the miR-149 expression level by reducing its promoter methylation by inhibiting DNMT1. Importantly, knockdown of miR-149 obviously abolished the biological roles of hesperidin.CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrated that hesperidin treatment ameliorated HG-induced insulin resistance by reducing oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction partly by suppressing DNMT1-mediated miR-149 silencing.
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